The Amazing Flight of Little Ray displayed at 50% of viewport width
November 2018 by V. R. Duin


Little Ray heard, “What's that, Mommy?”
“It's a pancake shark, my little Tommy.”
“ If it's a shark, why can't it get away?”
“ Maybe it can't figure out the way.”
(“The Amazing Flight of Little Ray”)

Meet rays in the shark family in Little Ray & Shark Patch Things Up. Members of this group of stingrays are called pancake shark, flat shark and pancake stingray. Stingrays are part of the shark family.

No stingray looks like a shark. Angel sharks look like stingrays. Children might be surprised by the huge size of giant mantas and whale sharks. Adult sharks can be tiny.

The family is diverse. Over 10,000 pictures are on The Elasmodiver Shark and Ray Field Guide. It informs about evolution, biology, encounters and conservation.

A stingray is flat. When viewed from the underside, Little Ray correctly wears a “smile”. This should get friends smiling. Smiles grace those who are helpful, successful, loving and learning.

Captive rays act tame. Visitors at water parks swim with them and hand feed them. Curious fish brush against guests without showing a wild side. That docile stingrays are shark relatives is astonishing.

Stingray parks are popular. Lessons from the ocean benefit life on land. Rays are among the few fish with eyes on the tops of their heads. These fish look up at people, imploring respect.

Interactive lagoons do not advertise the shark connection. For public safety, the stinging spines are humanely removed or trimmed. Trimming does not hurt. Barbs grow back.

Some stingrays refuse handling. Cleaners of inside aquarium walls take extra care with specimens kept together for breeding or display. Small pancake sharks make memorable stings.

Experienced handlers know the suffering that comes with a quick touch. Few victims are willing to repeat the experience. Contact with tough, sharp sharkskin denticles also may produce injury.

Bead-like stingray skin is slimy. The slime won't rub off with a touch. Electric rays have smooth, flabby skin without denticles. Many fish have protective mucous coatings.

Most fish are cold-blooded. Mako and Great White Sharks can raise body part temperatures to improve performance in cold water. According to Pizard's GURPS, Alopiid Sharks are warm-blooded.

It is better to visit than own these big eaters. They can be purchased from tropical fish stores, but they quickly outgrow home aquariums. Rays and sharks do poorly in captivity.

According to, some species of flat sharks are so endangered, it is hard to find photographs of them. Shark Advocates International is dedicated to their preservation.

Bull Sharks, River Sharks and some ray species live in freshwater. has interesting facts about them. Ingesting saltwater can be deadly for land animals.

Aquariums use processed feed. Stingrays prefer small, fresh, live catches: fish, snails, shrimps, crabs, worms, clams, etc. Bottom feeders stir up meals with their snouts and fins. They hunt. They ambush.

The pancake form gives fish special abilities. Fascinating facts about them are captivating for children. Little Ray works on his weaknesses. Applaud his passionate efforts with kids in your life.