The Amazing Flight of Little Ray
June 2018 by V. R. Duin


Little Ray thought his world quite bland,
The same old water, the same old sand.
He watched birds take off and fly
And thought to himself, why can't I?
(“The Amazing Flight of Little Ray”)

Unless controls on water pollution by the Clean Water Act and penalties for overfishing catch on throughout the world, there may be no fish and no fishing by companies or individuals.

Mama Ray and Little Ray are restless. Their minds are distracted by the water pollution that is threatening their lives and the waters around them. This pollution produces conditions that may result in no fishing by any companies or individuals. If you catch them on your hook, please release them. They are family members. Be sure to remove the fishing hook. Do not just cut the line and leave it hanging to get caught on things. Fish and the animals that eat them are threatened. The improper disposal of fishing tackle can be deadly. Overfishing and loss of habitat are killing entire populations of fish. Without controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing, there will be no fishing. Caring companies and individuals should support universal efforts, like those of the United States Environmental Protection Agency.

Rays are on many menus. Recipes from around the world make use of the wings, the area around the eyes and the liver. If you eat any fish or fish-based products and supplements, the pollution in them may end up inside you. The United States has banned the use of plastic micro-beads in such cosmetic and personal care products. It is no longer allowed in products like toothpaste and facial scrubs. Although this ban has not yet gone into effect, other countries are considering similar laws. Wastewater treatment plants cannot remove micro-plastic pollutants. These materials go against the goals of the Clean Water Act. The water rushing back into the water from these plants may create damaging temperature changes and interfere with water currents guiding fish migrations. Metals dumped and used in the ocean may block fish travels by magnetic fields.

Fish and other ocean life dine on plastics. Then, they get served as dinner. They contain undigested plastic waste. Metals and petroleum products enter the marine environment through human activity. Much of the seafood eaten in the United States arrives untested. Many countries do not test for any type of pollution. Fish breathe oxygen. Fish cannot breathe when the water is filthy. They cannot survive in dirty water. People on land are arguing about the goodness of rich water. Few of them are talking about dirty water. Most of the water on earth is dirty. Plant and animal lives are threatened by this filth.

Water pollution can cause bacterial diseases in people. At the Center for Disease Control, The Division of Foodborne, Waterborne and Environmental Diseases has a goal to protect against diseases carried by water. Cholera is among the most commonly known of these diseases in the waters of the world. Dirty water also causes infections of open wounds in people and animals. These can be impossible to heal. Seafood from dirty water can cause abdominal pain, diarrhea, dizziness, fever, headache, nausea, numbness and vomiting when eaten. Nobody is immune from the bad effects of food pulled from toxic water. Medical treatment may be required after swallowing these poisons.

Enforcement of the Clean Water Act keeps controls on water pollution. These controls and penalties for overfishing could save lives. As poisons move up the food chain, they build. The highest levels of pollution rise to the top. According to, Laws of Thermodynamics as Related to Biology, higher animals on the food chain make less energy with their food. The need more food to survive. The filth of that food and overfishing by uncaring humans makes less food available for them. For these reasons, there eventually may be no fishing by any companies or individuals. Ocean life holds secrets. These could help humans. Without controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing, these secrets could be lost.

NSU researchers found the sharks and rays they examined to have advanced wound-healing abilities. This is not true for humans or other animals. Eating rays and sharks does not fix this. Little Ray joins Elasmodiver in wanting friends to learn about threats to rays and sharks. Ray and shark meat will not cure or prevent cancer. It is unlikely to fight infections. Raw shark and stingray meat has a strong ammonia smell. It is full of pee. Sharks and rays pee through their skin. Eating the high amount of chemicals and heavy metals, such as mercury, in these fish is dangerous. It can damage health. These harmful effects give further reason not to eat fish. Controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing can come with enforcement of the Clean Water Act.

Studies are under way to learn if sharks' immune systems offer resistance to cancers. Scientists from NSU have confirmed that sharks are highly efficient wound healers. V. R. Duin is a law school graduate from this university under her legal name of Terry Verduin. Problems are surfacing with the antibiotics used to treat bacterial illnesses and infections. Could these highly efficient wound healers lead to better cures? Sharks show Novel Changes in Their Immune Cancer-Related Genes Two of their genes have counterparts in humans. These are connected to of cancers. Could sharks lead to the prevention or cure of this terrible disease?

Could sharks end the side effects and allergic reactions to existing medications? Enforcement of the Clean Water Act may keep these possible lifesavers in the ocean from total extinction. Over the coming years, V. R. Duin hopes to link Little Ray and Shark to cancer cures for children and adults. Perhaps this should be mentioned to her alma mater. Celebrants of the Shark Week programming on the Discovery Channel might also be interested. We hope friends will help make stingray and shark conservation and research efforts a reality. Overfishing has threatened many members of the ray and shark family. Join ray and shark in “Little Ray & Shark Patch Things Up”. Become team players in the battle to save rays and sharks.

Water pollution threatens all life forms. Mama Ray, Little Ray and Shark want everyone for generations to enjoy the beauty, the health, the variety and the fun of ocean life. Deaths of large populations of plants and animals are caused by failures to enforce the Clean Water Act. These failures could bring end to popular forms of recreation, sport and survival. Water pollution may break up animal pairs that mate for life, including some birds and some fishes. It may weaken or kill animals that depend upon fishing for survival. Without controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing, the world may become a place of no fishing. Every animal can be killed by dirty water.

Hope for change comes with controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing. Expansion and enforcement of the Clean Water Act could bring an end to threatening dirty water. Otherwise, the earth could end up with no fish. Loss of habitat from filth in the water is killing ocean animals. Grouper, swordfish, sawfish and tuna are among the most endangered ocean fish. Jellyfish, lobsters and turtles do not break down over time. They may not die of old age. Instead, they may come to an early death from diseases carried in dirty water. If these animals are killed off by filth, humans may lose the key to cheating death.

Plastic pollutants never go away. When they get eaten, they destroy life from the inside out. They also combine to cause deadly traps. Fish and other sea life are killed by plastic waste. Water pollution that dissolves does not totally disappear. The remains of these toxins are creating huge dead zones in our oceans and along our shorelines. The ocean life of plants and animals is threatened by this toxic environment. Where there are no fish, there can be no fishing by companies, individuals, bigger fish, birds, reptiles or other mammals. The natural food chain is being destroyed. The survival of larger animals by eating smaller ones is in danger. Animals that eat plant life also are at risk. When the food chain is destroyed by water pollution or overfishing, all lives are threatened.

Man-made chemicals do not have to be ugly to be deadly. Radioactive waste may have a lovely glow, but it is not good for the ocean or for ocean life. Toxic waste and sewage are dumped into the ocean from vessels, oil rigs and offshore construction sites. These discharges affect the amount of oxygen in the water. They disturb the water flow and quality. They make dangerous waves and deadly jets of water. Enforcement of the Clean Water Act would prevent harmful activities. Construction along the seashore is a source of filth. Structures in the water block migrating fish. These activities are change the life cycle of these fish. The lack of controls on water pollution and penalties for overfishing is a worldwide problem.

The hardy water bear is one of the few creatures that is able to withstand radiation. These water-dwelling micro-animals with eight legs may outlive us all. They can survive extreme conditions. However, intentional exposure to contaminants is not healthy for them. Like any other water pollutant, radioactive waste travels along water currents, gets deposited on the ocean floor and climbs up the food chain. Fish are rendered toxic by water pollution and threatened by overfishing by uncaring operations. Enforcement of the Clean Water Act could reduce exposure to high levels of radioactive waste. Radiation can lead to cancer, birth defects, cell and systemic damage of humans and animals.

Companies and individuals located near the shoreline are a major source of water pollution. Simply washing the laundry can send harmful micro-plastic fibers into the water. These hazards combine with chemical runoff from agriculture, industry, home septic tanks, lawns and storm drains. Together, they destroy the growth, behavior and survival of marine life throughout the world. Scummy water is toxic to humans, aquatic life and pets. It is bad for the world economy. Cleanup is costly. Rays and sharks are threatened. The future of the ocean is endangered. Water pollution and overfishing are problems everywhere. Without expansion and enforcement of the Clean Water Act throughout the world, all fish may die.

Dredging material can poison plants and animals. Dredging is done to open navigation passages, to extract minerals, to prepare construction sites and to restore environmentally damaged areas. It lifts contaminants from the sea bed, causing water pollution. A lot of dredging is done to protect properties located on eroding beaches. Sand dredged from rivers and oceans to dump on beaches may be killing tiny animals under it. Damming rivers to make beaches for tourists come with heavy costs. It is increasingly difficult to find local undersea sand to pump onto eroding beaches. Sand has become so valuable, it is being stolen from public beaches for use on construction sites around the world. Trucking sand from inland or importing it from distant islands add to the costs of beach restoration.

Water pollution is washed into the streams, ponds, rivers, lakes and oceans of the world. It travels throughout these bodies of water and returns to land. Deposits of contaminated dredged materials on land is controversial. The health risks that travel with these materials must be weighed against the huge costs of testing, cleaning and preparing other storage locations. This controversy is unlikely to be quickly or easily resolved. Food supplies, survival rates, spawning grounds and migrations are threatened by water pollution, overfishing and man-made obstructions. Efforts to save the waters of the world must consider the health of all living organisms. Enforcement of the Clean Water Act would place controls on water pollution. Penalties for overfishing could include no fishing orders for threatened fish. The goal is to reverse problem conditions and restore the quality of ocean life.

Controls on Water Pollution

  • Water Polution Little Ray says:

    Water pollution has many forms, including liquid, solid, gas, noise and radiation, but plastic pollutants are the worst.

  • Enforcement of the Clean Water Act Little Ray says:

    Expansion and enforcement of the Clean Water Act of the the United States must be championed throughout the world for global effectiveness.

    • No FishingLittle Ray says:

      No fishing due to pollution will put a whole industry out of work, resulting in more jobs lost.